Broad Spectrum CBD vs. Full Spectrum vs Isolate and Nano

Broad Spectrum CBD vs. Full Spectrum vs Isolate and Nano

broad spectrum Hemp CBD leaf with H+P Natural Wellness CBD Oil Tincture

Want to learn the differences between Broad Spectrum, Full Spectrum, Isolate and Nano CBD?  We’ll break down all the jargon just as fast as an excited pup pulling fluff out of a new stuffed toy, but without any of the mess.


CBD can be broad spectrum, full spectrum or isolate (pure CBD) in nature.  Similarly, nano-emulsified CBD simply breaks down any of the above into smaller, more absorbable particles.


What is Full Spectrum CBD?

Full Spectrum contains all of the cannabinoids and terpenes that are present in the hemp plant.  While cannabinoids such as CBD, CBDA, CBG, CBC, CBN are present in addition to terpenes, it also includes THC, THCa and THCv.


For most concerned pet parents, products containing THC are a deal-breaker because ALL  FULL -SPECTRUM CBD PRODUCTS CONTAIN THC.  THC can be toxic to dogs and horses in certain quantities, which is why we don’t believe in giving full-spectrum CBD products to ANY animals, especially our fur-family. 

Interesting Fact – Full spectrum products labeled 0% THC may contain small but significant amounts of THC.  Most lab tests will deem it ND or “non-detectable” if under .03%.  The  .03% was designed specifically for humans.  Not enough research has been done to determine a safe amount, if any, exists for pets.  The only way to get CBD products that are truly THC-Free is to get one that is NOT full spectrum. To be sure that a product does not contain THC, purchase a broad spectrum, pure/isolate, nano-emulsified broad spectrum or nano-emulsified (pure/isolate) CBD.



What is Broad spectrum CBD?

Broad Spectrum CBD also contains everything found in a full spectrum cbd product, even an entourage effect, except that the THC is extracted (i.e. removed).  Broad Spectrum CBD includes all of the same cannabinoids found in full spectrum products, except that the THC is removed. This includes CBD, CBDA, CBG, CBC, and CBN, in addition to terpenes. Just no THC.


What is Isolate CBD?

Basically, when everything is removed from the hemp plant except for the CBD and you get the isolate.  CBD, of course, is the cannabinoid known best for its effects within the endocannabinoid system.  This formulation simply “isolates” (see what we did there?)  the CBD without any other cannabinoids or terpenes (aromatics).  Terpenes are generally what gives hemp its earthy taste.  Some dogs like the taste of grass, so we’re not judging.  But most people and pets prefer CBD without a grassy taste to it.  In short, pure CBD Isolate will give you the benefits of pure CBD without the earthy taste.


What is Nano-emulsified CBD?

Nano emulsified CBD can be derived from broad spectrum or even Isolate (pure) CBD.  It has a greater absorption rate due to smaller hemp extract droplets, allowing for easier absorption into the body.  As a result, less CBD is required to get the same result when compared to non-nano formulas. Because the body absorbs it faster, nano CBD tends to work quicker when compared to standard CBD formulations.


Nano-emulsified Broad Spectrum CBD

Broad spectrum CBD that is broken down into smaller particles, creating a highly absorbent nano emulsified broad spectrum formula.


Nano-emulsified Pure CBD

Pure CBD (also known as isolate) that is broken down into smaller particles, creating a highly absorbent nano emulsified pure CBD formula.


We make Hand and Paw’s tinctures and pet chews using our nano-emulsified formula.  Nano not only works faster, is more effective, and tastes better when compared to other CBD products, but is also more economical. As a result, you’ll get the same results using a much smaller amount of our nano-emulsified CBD than you would from regular CBD from competitors (80-90% absorption rate compared to 35%).


Everything Hand and Paw creates is THC-free.  H+P Natural Wellness Pet Parent formulas are all broad spectrum.  Our H+P and Hand and Paw softgels are also nano-broad spectrum formulas. These contain the entire spectrum of natural cannabinoids and terpenes found in a full spectrum cbd product, but without the THC.


For the safety of our furry sidekicks, we spend extra to have the THC extracted.  We’re pet parents too, and our four-legged companions mean the world to us.  So we always put the interests of our furry friends ahead of profits.

Premium THC-Free Hand and Paw & H+P Natural Wellness Product Formulations


What kind of CBD do you use for the Hand and Paw dog and cat CBD treats?

Hand and Paw CBD Tincture Oil and CBD Dog Chews as well as the CBD Tincture Oil and CBD Cat Chews are all made with our premium THC-free nano-emulsified pure CBD formulation

Hand and Paw Softgels for Large and Giant Dogs are all made with our premium THC-free nano-broad spectrum formulation. 


What kind of CBD H+P Natural Wellness products made from?

Everything H+P Natural Wellness creates is also THC-free.  All H+P Natural Wellness Pet Parent products are broad spectrum, and our H+P Softgels and Softgels with Melatonin are nano-broad spectrum formulas. As a result, these contain the entire spectrum of natural cannabinoids and terpenes that you would find in a full spectrum cbd product, but without the THC.


Our 10mg CBD Gummies are a tasty treat of both the broad spectrum and isolate formulations, so you get the benefit of cannabinoids and terpenes in addition to pure CBD.  Pet parents (not surprisingly) love that they taste like the real thing!


"I still see products on other sites that state they are THC free full spectrum CBD oil.  How this is possible if full spectrum, by definition, contains THC?"

Golden retriever dog mix looking at full spectrum cbd dog treats

As has been noted above, trace amounts of THC can be found in all full spectrum products.  If you ever come across a company stating they have “THC free full spectrum CBD”, it’s likely mislabeled and is not a true “full-spectrum” product.  In which case, we recommend running away from that product like someone left the back gate open.  A University of Pennsylvania study shows 70% of CBD products sold online are mislabeled.  So be sure to check the lab reports when purchasing CBD online. 

If the company doesn’t make 3rd party lab reports available for consumers to view, or links to those reports don’t open, find one that does.  Transparency is a must in the CBD market.  You can check Hand and Paw and H+P Natural Wellness lab reports anytime for any product on the Trace My CBD page.  

Questions?  Throw us a bone anytime at

Featured Hand and Paw Clients

February 5, 2020 at 11:14 AM

I’ve seen products on other sites that state they are THC free full spectrum CBD oil. Can you explain how this is possible if full spectrum, by definition, contains THC?

    Hand and Paw
    February 4, 2021 at 2:01 PM

    Great Question! And you’re absolutely right! Full spectrum means there are trace amounts of THC. Unfortunately, some companies that sell full spectrum products will incorrectly state this, which can be confusing to consumers. Full spectrum CBD products must contain less than .3% THC, which is the limit required by law. Since some lab testing facilities deem anything under .3% as non-detectable “ND” since it’s within the legal limits, some companies may incorrectly interpret this measure. Any products that are 0.0% THC are either broad spectrum or isolate – not full spectrum.
    Hand and Paw products, by contrast, go through extra measures in production to extract and remove the THC. So when we say THC-free, we mean 0.0% of the psychoactive component of THC. Does it cost us more to do this – yes. But we wouldn’t sell anything that we wouldn’t give our own pets.

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